In antiquity, courage was considered as one of the four main virtues (along with moderation, wisdom, and justice). According to Aristotle, courage is overcoming the fear of death and the willingness to pay for the virtue of behavior with the risk of your own life: “Whoever deliberately rushes for good to danger and is not afraid of it, he is courageous, and there is courage.” According to Aristotle, courage is the only decent way to behave in battle; hence the idea of it as specifically male virtues.
Now courage is often used simply as a synonym for universal moral hardness and loses the value of male virtues. It’s promoted by modern theories and practical experiences of non-violence, when non-violent struggle is seen as more powerful than violent (Mahatma Gandhi).
Exactly on the topic of courage we had a master class with our friends Good Samaritans – Добрі Cамаритяни led by Александр Воробьёв (Alexandr Vorobyov). Children made medals that they will give to those whom they consider to be courageous.
Thank you, Alexander, for your time and the disclosure of important human themes for our children in such a creative and good atmosphere.